Similarities and differences between organic and biodynamic wines.
Nowadays, people have become more conscious of eating organically, so it makes sense that they want to drink organically as well. There are four classifications in how to produce wines: organic, biodynamic, vegan, sustainable wines.
Organic wine is a wine that is made from organic grapes. that were farmed organically. This means that they don’t use synthetic pesticides, herbicides, fungicides or fertilizes in the production of the grapes. These grapes were grown on an organic farm, and they receive the same organic farming certification as an organic apple or pear farm. An organic wine will carry the legal certification, that usually appears in the back label of the wines.
A biodynamic wine goes beyond organic practices in an effort to balance the entire vineyard with nature and the moon cycles. Biodynamics treat the vineyard as a self-sustaining, living organism, vine care and harvesting schedules are based on the astronomical calendar. They don’t use synthetic pesticides, herbicides, fungicides, or fertilizers in vineyards for the grapes growing. Also, the yeast that they use in the production is native and they don’t use acid or sugar adjustments in the wine.
Biodynamic farming practices becomes very popular and are widely used around the world. There is not a formal certification for them, like there is for organic, so some winemakers choose to simply take the organic seal while others list on the label that the wine was created biodynamically.
Vegan wine is a wine where no animal products are used during the fining process (many common fining agents are made from animal byproducts). Usually, the vegan wines are organic too.
Sustainable practices are based on farming that is not only good for the environment, but also makes economic sense. Focused on practices addressing habitat, water, energy, soil, recycling, air quality, pest management, and social equity. This means that a farmer may largely use organic practices, but if some of those practices don’t make economic sense (e.g. – they’re too expensive), the farmer might skip some of them. Just as with biodynamic wine, there is no formal certification for a wine to be sustainable, but there are several associations that winemakers can join to formally list themselves as a sustainable vineyard.
Now you know, if you want to drink organically, find your favorite organic, biodynamic, vegan and sustainable wines at your specialized wine store, and enjoy drinking organic!
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